Ellen Meiksins Wood (born 1942 in New York City) is a Marxist scholar.
Wood was born Ellen Meiksins one year after her parents, Latvian Jews active in the Bund, arrived in New York from Europe as political refugees. She was raised in the United States and Europe.
Wood received a B.A. in Slavic languages from the University of California, Berkeley in 1962 and subsequently entered the graduate program in political science at the University of California, Los Angeles, from which she received the Ph.D. in 1970. From 1967 to 1996, she taught political science at Glendon College, York University in Toronto, Canada.
She has written many books and articles, some conjointly with her husband, Neal Wood (1922–2003). Her book The Retreat from Class received the Isaac Deutscher Memorial Prize in 1988. Her work has been translated into many languages, including Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, French, German, Turkish, Chinese, Korean, and Japanese.
Wood served on the editorial committee of the British journal New Left Review between 1984 and 1993. From 1997 to 2000, Wood was an editor, along with Harry Magdoff and Paul Sweezy, of Monthly Review, the independent socialist magazine.
In 1996, she was inducted into the Royal Society of Canada, a marker of distinguished scholarship. She now resides in England.
- Mind and Politics: An Approach to the Meaning of Liberal and Socialist Individualism (University of California Press, 1972).
- The Retreat from Class: A New 'True' Socialism (Schocken Books, 1986). ISBN 0-8052-7280-1, and (Verso Classics, January 1999) reprint with new introductionv. ISBN 1-85984-270-4.
- The Pristine Culture of Capitalism (Verso, 1992). ISBN 0-86091-572-7.
- Democracy Against Capitalism: Renewing Historical Materialism (Cambridge University Press, 1995). ISBN 0-521-47682-8. Excerpt available here
- Peasant-Citizen and Slave: The Foundations of Athenian Democracy (Verso, February 20, 1997). ISBN 0-86091-911-0.
- The Origin of Capitalism (Monthly Review Press, 1999), 120 pp. ISBN 1-58367-000-9, ISBN 1-58367-007-6.
- The Origin of Capitalism: A Longer View (Verso Books, 2002), 213 pp. ISBN 1-85984-392-1, ISBN 978-1-85984-392-5.
- Empire of Capital, (Verso, 2003) (ISBN 978-1-85984-502-8) & paperback (Verso, 2005). ISBN 1-84467-518-1.
- Citizens to Lords: A Social History of Western Political Thought from Antiquity to the Middle Ages (Verso, 2008). ISBN 978-1-84467-243-1.